When Wood Rot gets a gets into your boat timbers not only does the rotten wood need to be cut out but the surrounding timber needs treating to kill off the spores.
There are two main types of rot that infect wooden boats.
Both are caused by fungi growing within the wood tissue.
Wet rot; grows when unprotected timber is in constant contact with
Dry rot; occurs when the unprotected timber has repeatedly been wetted
and then dried out.
However, the wood won’t rot just because it is wet but because the
rot fungi have the ideal conditions in which to grow.
They need moisture, oxygen, stable temperature and food in the form of
the wood fibers.
Given the right conditions they can grown and multiply rapidly.
However, even if the conditions change enough for the fungi to die out
their reproductive spores remain and become active if the right
Just like the dreaded teredo the fungi will take the easiest route
along the grain of the wood. It can also spread, via contact and
sometimes, the spores can travel through the air.
Boats are particularly vulnerable to both types of rot because of the damp environment, though salty water does go some way to slowing it down.
Prevention is, as they say, always better than a cure.
A neglected boat is the one most likely to suffer from wood rot.
So, regardless of how well you have protected the wood a little bit of time and care can save much work in the long run.
Keep her well ventilated even when in storage or on her mooring, make it a rule to check her every so often, open her up and allow the breeze to flow through, dry up any condensation and use a little white vinegar to get rid of mildew.
And don’t even think of shrink-wrapping her.
However, initially the surest way to limit the danger of wood rot is to ensure that all exposed timber is treated with an appropriate preventative.
There are numerous wood treatment products available, my own favorite is good old coal tar creosote.
It will depend on the type of construction as to what you can use, creosote being oily will not work with epoxy or some other coatings and glues.
And there are regions such as the European Union where the sale of creosote is limited (health and safety bureaucrats worried that we might drink it?).
The next stage in the armory is a good coating of primer and paint, the fungi won’t eat the wood if the spores can’t get in.
In many ways an all wooden boat can be less prone to rot than plastic boats.
Wooden boat owners tend to be more aware of the problem and take better care of their boats.
And many of the plastic variety of boat are often built with an untreated wooden frame work and wooden reinforcements, get a crack in the fiberglass and damp and rot will get in but not be seen until it is too late.
Prevention is all about understanding the nature of the fungi and reducing its ability to flourish.
The reason archaeologists can find extensive remains of ancient wooden boat is because the fungi has been unable to thrive.
It may have been that the timber has been lying in silt which has reduced the oxygen supply or the water temperature has been too low.
If the timbers are then removed from that protective environment and brought to the surface the archaeologists then hast to use some other form of protection to stop any spores in the wood from bursting into life.
If the worst has come to the worst and you have found some wood rot there is only one cure, cut it out and replace it with new wood.
Don’t be tempted by the products that promise to restore rotten wood, they cannot rebuild the damaged structure and therefore the strength, of the timber.
But before you replace it you need to kill off any wood rot fungus and spores in the surrounding, apparently sound, timber.
The infection can exist well beyond the obviously rotten area.
To treat this you will need a fungicide, a toxic substance to kill any fungi that may still be in the wood.
There are ready made products available. Just check that they kill the fungi and are not just preventative.
One inexpensive remedy is ethylene glycol which is found in the antifreeze used in cars.
This is toxic to most wood rot organisms and will penetrate quite deeply.
Or you could use a borate solution, Sodium Octaborate (Sodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate) can be bought either as a solution or as a solid which is mixed with water.
Any white residue left by a borate solution can be washed off with water.
Wood treated with glycol or borate can be finished or glued once it has dried completely.
Apart form the dangers associated with fungicides and other nasty chemicals anyone working on a boat with severe rot should also be aware of the dangers from breathing in bacteria.
A boat that has been closed up for a long time should be well ventilated before beginning work.
And if working in enclosed areas it is advisable to wear a mask.
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