Apart from safeguarding against the health dangers associated with
batteries a well designed box will help to maintain those crucial
Even if you never suffer a knock-down, swamping or stranding the constant movement of any boat will be detrimental to an unsecured battery.
Faulty, or poorly installed electrical systems are danger to you your crew and the boat.
Short circuits and overheating cables are a common cause of boat fires.
Hydrogen is a highly flammable gas that is produced when charging your batteries, it is easily ignited by low energy sparks.
Boat electrical systems must be designed, installed and maintained to minimise the risks of explosion or of fire.
Your electrical systems must be capable of being safely and quickly disconnected from the power source in an emergency.
Battery compartments which contain unsealed or open-vented batteries must be ventilated overboard to prevent a build-up of flammable hydrogen gas.
The battery compartment needs to be sealed to prevent acid from a spill or cracked or damaged case escaping.
Batteries should not be installed within 12inch/300mm of any petrol or LPG system components.
The box can be made from plywood scraps.
All the interior joints should be sealed with epoxy resin with a filler, and the external corners fiber-glassed.
And the box should then be fiberglass lined.
There are some epoxy resins available which are supposedly acid resistant such as fluorocarbon resins.
However, normal epoxy fiberglass should be sufficient for all except the most extreme situations.
But do not use the cheaper polyester resins as the bonds will be weaker.
The batteries need to be held securely to prevent movement.
However there should be breathing space around the battery as well.
Two or three wooden slats fixed to the inside surfaces of the box will hold the battery secure yet clear of the box sides.
Strips of neoprene glued to the slats will help dampen any vibration or knocks.
While there is the need to hold the battery secure it shouldn't be so tight as to make removal difficult.
When designing a battery box and deciding where to position it, consider how easy it will be to remove and replace the battery.
Batteries are heavy and handling them in a confined space could lead to physical injury.
In some installations it may be necessary to lift those heavier batteries out sideways.
The battery box could be made with a removal side.
However I would recommend at the very least a having a lip at the bottom so that the is a sealed tray to collect any spilled acid.
The side panel will also need to have a gasket seal of some sort such as neoprene to contain any gasses produced while charging.
The older the battery the more likely it is to produce more gas.
Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable the slightest spark will set off an explosion.
This is why battery boxes especially those in the accommodation areas should vent to the outside.
Attwood Battery StrapsYou will need to provide a vent from the highest point of the box to outside of the boat.
As hydrogen is lighter than air it will rise up until blocked.
A simple hole in the top of an exterior battery compartment will suffice.
However this gas must not be trapped in the boat.
So any interior battery boxes should have vents and venting pipes fitted to the very top of the battery box.
Keeping all the electrics well above the bilges and the risk of water ingress is always a problem when fitting out a small boat.
The main difficulty is that heavy battery.
How to keep these heavy objects as low and central as possible, so as to keep the center of gravity low and central, yet keep them well out of the reach of any sloshing bilge water.
While most things on a small boat are a compromise a well sealed battery box could also help make the stowage problem less of a compromise.